Key Stage 1

Key Stage 2

·         Investigate the world’s continents and oceans.

·         Investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom.

·         Compare and contrast a small area of the United Kingdom with that of a non-European country.

·         Explore weather and climate in the United Kingdom and around the world.

·         Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to and describe key physical and human features of locations.  

·         Use world maps, atlases and globes.

·         Use simple compass directions.

·         Use aerial photographs.

·         Use fieldwork and observational skills.

·         Locate the world’s countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils.

·         Locate the world’s countries, with focus on North and South America and countries of particular interest to pupils. 

·         Identify key geographical features of the countries of the United Kingdom, and show an understanding of how some of these aspects have changed over time. 

·         Locate the geographic zones of the world.

·         Understand the significance of the geographic zones of the world.

·         Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the United Kingdom (different from that taught at Key Stage 1).

·         Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country. 

·         Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human and physical geography of a region or area within North or South America.

·         Describe and understand key aspects of:

o        physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains,  volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle

o        human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water supplies.

·         Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.

·         Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.

·         Use a wide range of geographical sources in order to investigate places and patterns.

·         Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.


Learning Objectives

·         To investigate places

·         To investigate patterns

·         To communicate geographically



·         An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like.

·         An excellent understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected and how much human and physical environments are interrelated.

·         An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary.

·         Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills and use effective analytical and presentational techniques.

·         The ability to reach clear conclusions and develop a reasoned argument to explain findings.

·         Significant levels of originality, imagination or creativity as shown in interpretations and representations of the subject matter.

·         Highly developed and frequently utilised fieldwork and other geographical skills and techniques.

·         A passion for and commitment to the subject, and a real sense of curiosity to find out about the world and the people who live there.


·         The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current and contemporary issues in society and the environment.

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