Key Stage 1
Key Stage 2
· Investigate the world’s continents and oceans.
· Investigate the countries and capitals of the United Kingdom.
· Compare and contrast a small area of the United Kingdom with that of a non-European country.
· Explore weather and climate in the United Kingdom and around the world.
· Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to and describe key physical and human features of locations.
· Use world maps, atlases and globes.
· Use simple compass directions.
· Use aerial photographs.
· Use fieldwork and observational skills.
· Locate the world’s countries, with a focus on Europe and countries of particular interest to pupils.
· Locate the world’s countries, with focus on North and South America and countries of particular interest to pupils.
· Identify key geographical features of the countries of the United Kingdom, and show an understanding of how some of these aspects have changed over time.
· Locate the geographic zones of the world.
· Understand the significance of the geographic zones of the world.
· Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area of the United Kingdom (different from that taught at Key Stage 1).
· Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region or area in a European country.
· Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of the human and physical geography of a region or area within North or South America.
· Describe and understand key aspects of:
o physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes and the water cycle
o human geography, including: settlements, land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water supplies.
· Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied.
· Use the eight points of a compass, four-figure grid references, symbols and keys (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build knowledge of the United Kingdom and the world.
· Use a wide range of geographical sources in order to investigate places and patterns.
· Use fieldwork to observe, measure and record the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs and digital technologies.
· To investigate places
· To investigate patterns
· To communicate geographically
· An excellent knowledge of where places are and what they are like.
· An excellent understanding of the ways in which places are interdependent and interconnected and how much human and physical environments are interrelated.
· An extensive base of geographical knowledge and vocabulary.
· Fluency in complex, geographical enquiry and the ability to apply questioning skills and use effective analytical and presentational techniques.
· The ability to reach clear conclusions and develop a reasoned argument to explain findings.
· Significant levels of originality, imagination or creativity as shown in interpretations and representations of the subject matter.
· Highly developed and frequently utilised fieldwork and other geographical skills and techniques.
· A passion for and commitment to the subject, and a real sense of curiosity to find out about the world and the people who live there.
· The ability to express well-balanced opinions, rooted in very good knowledge and understanding about current and contemporary issues in society and the environment.